Tether El Salvador Plan – Anatomy Of A Commercial Paper

Tether is in headlines again as the founder of the centralized stablecoin Broke Pierce tweeted on 17 June that he was proud to lead a group of Bitcoin ambassadors to El Salvador. The crypto community prides itself as having no central leader, as such the comment wasn’t seen in good faith.

The tiny nation in the Latin America recently gained fame after the president Mr Nayib Bukele announced his plan to make Bitcoin – the legal tender in the country. It means greater legitimacy and usage / adoption for the cryptocurrency industry. But it’s not without it’s problems. Enter the Tether connection.

Besides using the USD as their currency for decades, the Latin American country now plans to make Bitcoin’s acceptability mandatory too, by the clauses in the approved “Bitcoin Bill”. The problem? El Salvadoran people’s access to the internet is limited and not all places have enough infrastructure to enable / process Bitcoin payments. Add to it, the volatility and some people would prefer dollars, instead of BTCs or sats. Also, the scalability issues limit Bitcoin’s ability to scale and function for micro-payments – required for day to day transactions.

The solution? Lightning Network integration – the Layer 2 solution that provides for near instantaneous transactions at extremely low fees. However, the Lightning Network or LN is far too complicated to be handled easily by people, but fortunately there’s the LN Strike service, which is likely to become the solution of choice for the country’s people.

Jack Maller’s brainchild LN Strike runs a closed private Lightning Network network, which no external node can freely connect to, but requires permission. Also, Know Your Customer (KYC) is required before using LN Strike, so it’s essentially a permissioned centralized network. And the way it works?

LN Strike Tether Connection

LN Strike takes the dollars in your bank accounts, converts them to BTCs over Lightning, moves them across, before converting them to Tether USDT. It’s then credited to the user account on the destination side. Tether doesn’t have a good reputation however. 

In utopia, one Tether USDT in circulation should be backed by 1 USD in the company’s reserves. But that’s not the case, far from it. The centralized stablecoin’s composition was revealed in a previous report, as part of it’s ongoing investigation with the New York Attorney General office on May 13, 2021.

Tether composition
Composition Of A Tether USDT

Tether is primarily composed of commercial paper. What’s commercial paper? According to Investopedia, “it’s a commonly used type of unsecured, short-term debt instrument issued by corporations, typically used for the financing of payroll, accounts payable and inventories, and meeting other short-term liabilities”

Now now, not all commercial paper is created equal and it’s a debt which at times, can’t be paid. What does it mean? Tether is a weaker form of dollar and it’s problematic, because it boosts the price of all cryptocurrencies, primarily Bitcoin. It appears that El Salvadorans might be replacing dollar with a weaker version of it, presenting a systemic risk. But the plan is obscure and more details are awaited.

tether el salvador plan
tether el salvador plan© Cryptoticker

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